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NIE: Why do I need one?


Spanish law states that all foreigners buying a property in Spain obtain an NIE prior to completion of their purchase; it is no longer acceptable to simply have a fiscal identity number (NIF). It is therefore advisable to apply for your NIE as soon as you are prepared to commit to purchasing a property in Spain. Often clients leave it to the last day before agreeing an offer; and since Spanish law now insists that applications be made in person rather than by a legally appointed third party (ie power of attorney by your legal representative), it is wise to allow time to make the application and avoid possible delay in the completion schedule. Since 2009, some regional offices, request that all NIE applications must be included with a copy of the purchase contract or a letter from a legal representative that states the reason for the application. This is also a requirement when a non-resident is selling a Spanish property that he or she has title to, for example by inheritance.

Other motives for having the NIE include -

The setting up of utility connections for electricity, gas and telephone

To apply for a business permit

To make asset purchases over €3,000

To inherit Spanish assets

To apply for a Spanish driving license

To deal with Spanish tax authorities

To register Spanish property with the land registry

In fact there are many other occasions when it may be requested; if you buy a vehicle, require a permit for fishing from the local authority, and so on.

Applying for an NIE - applications are made, in person, at the Oficina de Extranjeros (Foreigners' Department) at your nearest Policía Nacional (National Police Headquarters). For the Costa Tropical this is in Motril; located in Calle Aguas del Hospital (Ronda del Mediodia) just off the new ring road roundabout at the entrance to the town; in the direction to the port and after the "Al Campo" commercial centre. This new building is located on the corner of the next roundabout. Public parking is available close by. To make enquiries at the Foreign Section of the Comisario you should call +34 958 834 908 (some staff speak English).

NOTE: since April 2017 the Motril office will only accept applications by appointment only and in person, and with a current waiting list of 4 weeks then it is probably best that you apply via your own countries Spanish consul - here is a link to Spanish consuls worldwide - https://embassy.goabroad.com/embassies-of/spain

The Spanish government now makes a small administration charge for all applications. This amount must be paid via the local bank, before the application can be accepted; and costs just over 25 Euros (including the NIE and the certificate of non-resident). Note that while the NIE number remains valid for life, the certificate of non-resident is only valid for 3 months from the date of issue; and therefore may need to be renewed prior to any property transaction before the notary office. For those foreigners who have funds in a Spanish bank account then it is important that they also produce a certificate of non-residence; and which can also be obtained from the nearest Comisario. The certificate must be renewed at least every 2 years otherwise account holders risk their Spanish bank account being blocked and all transactions in or out withheld until such time as a certificate is presented. If this concerns you then speak to your Spanish bank, as some banks provide this service of non-resident certificate renewal for a small fee.

You need to complete and photocopy the application form; a pdf file of this form can be downloaded here at this link -

http://extranjeros.empleo.gob.es/es/ModelosSolicitudes/Mod_solicitudes2/15-Formulario_NIE_y_certificados.pdf

To assist you in completing the application below is a guide to help you…

Once completed you will need to take the original and a photocopy of the application, along with your passport (plus a photocopy) to the Foreigners section of the Comisario, whereby they will first give you a receipt and advise you to which bank you need to make payment for the NIE application. On your return you simply go the front of the queue with your payment receipt and your passport, and the application is then stamped and the forms given to you.

If you are unable to be in Spain to make the application then it is possible to apply for your NIE in your home country. However this can take several weeks as applications made must also be sent to Madrid for endorsement before being returned to the applicant. You will also need to give a Spanish contact address as this is where the original NIE will be sent – usually this should be your legal representative in Spain. In some cases the Spanish consul may ask you to present a copy of the contract of sale and purchase as proof of the need for the NIE to be granted.  Here is a link to Spanish consuls worldwide - https://embassy.goabroad.com/embassies-of/spain

Once you have your NIE document, then it is advisable to file the original in a safe place and make numerous photocopies for the authorities. Note too that it is your responsibility to advise the local Policía Nacional of any changes to your address, title or marital status.

As a general guide to completing the EX-15 application form for your NIE (Solicitud de Identidad de Extranjero  (NIE) y Certificados (LO 4/200 y RD 557/2011) - Foreigner Identification Number)  here are some guidelines to help you complete the boxes. After filling in your passport number, then complete the remaining entries as follows: - the form and its sections - reading from left to right here is a short step by step guide to completing the NIE application. Please write in black ink and in capitals, and mark the appropriate boxes. 

Section 1 Datos del Extranjero/a - (Personal Details of Foreign aplicant) 

1er Apellido - (Surname) 
2º Apellido - (2nd surname - if double barreled or leave blank) 
Nombre - (forename, first name) 
Sexo - (Gender) – mark with a X the appropriate box ie  “H” for Male (Hombre) or “M” Female (Mujer
Fecha de nacimiento - (Date of Birth in the order - DD/MM/YYYY) 
Lugar - (Place of Birth) 
Pais - (Country of Birth 
Nombre del padre - (Father's First Name) 
Nombre de la madre - (Mother's First Name) 
Nacionalidad – (Current nationality of applicant) 
Estado Civil (Marital Status) – put an X in the appropriate box ie “S” for Single (Soltero) “C” for Married (Casado) “V” for Widow (Vuido) “D” for Divorced (Divorciado) or “Sp” for Separated (Seperado
Domicilio en España - (Address in Spain) eg Calle Puerta del Sol 
Nº Piso - (Street number and flat number/letter if applicable) 
Localidad - (Town/Village) eg Almuñecar 
CP or Codigo Postal - (Post Code) eg 18690 
Provincia - (Province) eg Granada 
Teléfono - (Contact telephone number) 
E-mail 
Representante legal, en su caso. D/Dª - (Legal representative applying on your behalf – if applicable) 
NIF/NIE - (The Spanish identification number of the named legal representative) 
Titulo - (The legal status of the representative ie abogado or gestor) 

Section 2 Datos del Presentador de la Solicitud - (Personal Details of person or legal representative applying on your behalf) 

Nombre/Razón Social - (Full name or Business name) 
NIF/NIE - (The Spanish identification number of the named legal representative) 
Domicilio en España - (Address in Spain) eg Calle Puerta del Sol 
Nº Piso - (Strret number and flat number/letter if applicable) 
Localidad - (Town/Village) eg Almuñecar 
CP or Codigo Postal - (Post Code) eg 18690 
Provincia - (Province) eg Granada 
Teléfono - (Contact telephone number) 
E-mail 
Representante legal, en su caso. D/Dª - (Legal representative applying on your behalf – if applicable) 
NIF/NIE - (The Spanish identification number of the named legal representative) 
Titulo - (The legal status of the representative ie abogado or gestor) 

Section 3 Domicilio a Efectos de Notificaciones - (Address to which notice is to be sent) 

Nombre/Razón Social - (Full name or Business name of applicant) 
NIF/NIE - (The Spanish identification number of the named legal representative) 
Domicilio en España - (Address in Spain - usualy the address of the property you are buying) eg Calle Puerta del Sol
Nº Piso - (Street number and flat number/letter if applicable) 
Localidad - (Town/Village) eg Almuñecar 
CP or Codigo Postal - (Post Code) eg 18690 
Provincia - (Province) eg Granada 
Teléfono - (Contact telephone number) 
E-mail 
Solicito/Consiento que las comunicaciones y notificaciones se realicen medios electrónicos - (The tick box at the bottom of the section needs to be marked with a X if you consent to being contacted by electronic mail.) 

Section 4 Datos Relativos a la Solicitud - (Details relating to the application – followed by a sequence of tick boxes) 

4.1 Tipo de document (art. 206) – (Type of document required) 
NÜMERO DE IDENTIDAD DE EXTRANJERO (NIE) – (The tick box here needs to be marked with a X if you are applying for the NIE) 
CERTIFICADO – (Certificate of which there 2 options you only X the DE NO RESIDENTE box)

4.2 Motivos (Motive or reason for application) 

Por intereses económicos – (for economic reason) 
Por intereses profesionales – (for professional reason) 
Por intereses sociales – (for social reason) 
If purchasing a property then economic reason, if setting up a business then professional 
Espificar – (Specify) If you are applying to purchase a property then here you need to write "NOTARIO, REGISTRO DE PROPIEDAD, HACIENDA" (Notary, Property Registration and Tax Authority) 

4.3 Lugar de presentación - (Place where application is made – mark a X that which applies) 

Oficina de Extranjeria – (Foreign office) 
Comisaria de Policia – (Police station) 
Oficina Consular – (Consul office) 

4.4 Situación en España - (Situation in Spain - mark a X that which applies if you are in Spain) 

Estancia – (for staying) 
Residencia – (for resident permit) 

CONSIENTO la comprobacion de mis datos de identidad a traves de los Sistemas de Verificacion de Datos de Identidad (en caso contrario, deberan aportarse  los documentos correspondientes) - The tick box at the bottom of the section needs to be marked with a X if you consent to allowing the authority to access and collaborate identity data – if not then you will be asked to present appropriate proof of identity – ie passport) 

Sign the form in the box at the bottom right hand corner, below 'firma de solicitante' and in the boxes just above indicate the place (usually ALMUNECAR), a (day) de (month) de (year) whne the foem was signed.

DIRIGIDA A – (The Office where the application is presented; eg - Policia Nacional Motril) 
PROVINCIA – (The Province of the Office where the application is presented; eg - GRANADA)  

Edit: 08.2017